Its heart is a 1.8-m f/1.0 honeycombed construction, borosilicate primary mirror. All rights reserved.Adrian Design, The Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope, Optical System : aplanatic Gregorian, f/9, Instructions for use of the VATT Spectrograph. VATT is part of the Mount Graham International Observatory and is operated by the Vatican Observatory, one of the oldest astronomical research institutions in the world, in partnership with The University of Arizona. It achieved its first light in 1993. The Vatican Observatory Research Group (VORG) operates the 1.8m Alice P. Lennon Telescope with its Thomas J. Bannan Astrophysics Facility, known together as the Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope (VATT), at the Mount Graham International Observatory (MGIO) in southeastern Arizona. The VATT telescope has an Alt/Az mount and uses a 1.8-m f/1.0 honeycombed construction, borosilicate primary mirror developed by the University of Arizona Mirror Lab. The Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope (VATT) truly lives up to its name. Its heart is a 1.8-m f/1.0 honeycombed construction, borosilicate primary mirror. The Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope (VATT) is located on Mt. The VATT's mirror is unusually 'fast' at f/1, which means that its focal distance is equal to its diameter. It features direct drive motors on the two axes, leading to a very compact and rigid mount. The primary mirror is so deeply-dished that the focus of the telescope is only as far above the mirror as the mirror is wide, thus allowing a structure that is about three times as compact as the previous generation of telescope designs. This isolation is achieved by using the section between the dome and the main facility as a thermal barrier and by exhausting air from this section and from the dome out from the north and mainly downwind side of the building. The building in which the telescope is housed is designed to isolate thermally the ambient temperature in the dome from the heated observing room and living quarters. For instance, a three-year agreement was made by the Vatican Observatory with the University of Notre Dame, Indiana (UND), for an Association which provided the UND Department of Physics with 20 nights on VATT per annum. With twin 8.4-meter mirrors, the LBT is one of the largest optical telescopes in the world. A little more than a decade later, the Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) opened on Mount Graham. It achieved its first light in 1993. For the Finnish government agency, see, The Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope (VATT), Location of Vatican Advanced Technology Telescope, Catholic Church and science#Vatican Observatory, Eastern Arizona College's Discovery Park Campus, Santa Maria della Pietà in Camposanto dei Teutonici, Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizzeri, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vatican_Advanced_Technology_Telescope&oldid=961732673, Buildings and structures in Graham County, Arizona, Articles using Infobox telescope using locally defined parameters, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 10 June 2020, at 03:20. The telescope is dubbed LUCIFER 1, and provides a powerful tool to gain spectacular insights into the … This was manufactured at the University of Arizona Mirror Laboratory, and it pioneered both the spin-casting techniques and the stressed-lap polishing techniques of that Laboratory which are being used for telescope mirrors up to 8.4-m in diameter. The 0.38-m f/0.9 Zerodur concave secondary mirror was manufacted by the Space Optics Research Laboratory (Chelmsford, MA). The primary mirror was manufactured at The University of Arizona's Steward Observatory Mirror Laboratory, which pioneered both the spin-casting and the stressed-lap polishing techniques which are being used for telescope mirrors that include the 6.5 meter aperture MMT and Magellan telescopes, and the two 8.4 meter mirrors of the Large Binocular Telescope. Its secondary mirror is a 0.38-m f/0.9 Zerodur manufacted by the Space Optics Research Laboratory 1) . Benefactors to the Vatican Observatory Foundation continue to support the operating costs of the VATT. The heart of the telescope is an f/1.0 honeycombed construction, borosilicate primary mirror. Among the results from this telescope have been the discovery of MACHOs in the Andromeda Galaxy; the validation of the Stromvil photometric filter system; evidence for how the shape and dimensions of galaxies have changed over the age of the universe; discovery of the first binary 'Vesta chip' asteroid; and the characterization and classification by visible colors of some 100 trans-Neptunian objects, most of them fainter than magnitude 21.

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